Official Name of Historic Place
  • Arnold House
Other Name of Historic Place
  • Black Residence
  • The Willows
Record ID 1611
Location of Supporting Documentation
  • Town of Sussex - Historic Places Initiative, File # S-7-08
Location Information
Street Address
  • 811 Main Street
Postal Code
  • E4E 5L4
  • Kings County NB
  • Sussex
  • Sussex
Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Arnold House
Description:View from Main Street
Copyright:Town of Sussex

Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Arnold House
Description:View from the east
Copyright:Town of Sussex

Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Arnold House
Description:Bay window and main door
Copyright:Town of Sussex
Statement of Significance
Place Description
The Arnold House is a one-and-a-half storey Gothic Revival residence with twin bay windows on the front façade and decorative brackets under the eaves of the steeply-pitched central gable. It is located on southern Main Street in Sussex.
Heritage Value
The Arnold House is designated a Local Historic Place for its association with the Reverend Oliver Arnold’s family and for its architecture.

The Arnold House is recognized for its association with the family of Reverend Oliver Arnold. The Reverend Oliver Arnold, a Loyalist, was the first priest in the Parish of Sussex which, in 1794, had been designated as one of the missions for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. In addition to his parish work, he was also a missionary to the Indians and taught at the Indian School in Sussex Vale as well as being involved in the apprenticeship program that had as its stated intent, the training of the local Malecite in agriculture. Built circa 1860, this residence was designed for the descendents of Reverend Arnold, including his son, Horatio Nelson Arnold, who became successor of his work in 1829.

The Arnold House is also recognized for being a good example of Gothic Revival residential architecture. The steeply-pitched front gable is characteristic of Gothic Revival, which was given impetus in New Brunswick through the efforts of Bishop John Medley who had been sent to New Brunswick by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Bishop Medley designed many churches and Christ Church Cathedral in a Gothic Revival style, which in turn had an effect on residential design. The house was modified in the 1950’s when the entrance was relocated from the side of the residence to the front.

Source: Town of Sussex, Historic Places file #S-7-08
Character-Defining Elements
The character-defining elements that relate to the Gothic Revival style of the Arnold House include:
- rectangular one-and-a-half storey massing;
- steeply-pitched central gable on the front façade;
- steeply-pitched gable roof;
- clapboard siding with corner boards;
- ornate brackets under the eaves of the gable;
- label moulding surrounding rectangular, multi-paned windows;
- two two-window bays, one on either side of the front door;
- twin chimneys;
- closed portico with stained glass rectangular transom and sidelights;
- stained glass windows.
Important Dates
Construction (circa)
  • 1860
Architect / Builder Information
Architect / Designer
  • James Quinton
  • James Quinton
Historic Functions
  • Single Dwelling
Current Functions
  • Multiple Dwelling
Building Social and Community Life
  • Religious Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
  • Architecture and Design
  • Philosophy and Spirituality
Peopling the Land
  • Settlement
Type [Number of contributing resources]:
  • Building [1]
Recognition Information
  • Local Governments (NB)
Formal Recognition Type
  • Local Historic Place (municipal)
  • Heritage Conservation Act
Recognition Date (M/D/Y)
  • 2008-08-25
Category of Property
  • Private
Cartographic Identifiers
Description of Boundaries
  • PID: 00269258
  • 3211 m2
UTM Zone Type
  • 20
Datum Type
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 5066082.2000000
  • 305327.8000000
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 45.72090
  • -65.50157
Web Site Links
No Data Available
  • Provincial Registrar
Contact Type
  • Provicial Registrar
    New Brunswick Register of Historic Places
Telephone Number
  • (506) 453-2324
Email Address

Canada's Historic Places / Lieux patrimoniaux du Canada

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