Official Name of Historic Place
  • Intercolonial Railway Station
Record ID 1483
Location of Supporting Documentation
  • Town of Sussex - Historic Places File # 14
Location Information
Street Address
  • Broad Street
  • Kings County NB
  • Sussex
Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Intercolonial Railway Station
Description:View from the west
Copyright:Town of Sussex

Image Type:Historic Image
Caption:Intercolonial Railway Station
Description:Historic image
Copyright:Milner Web Design

Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Intercolonial Railway Station
Description:Ticket counter
Copyright:Town of Sussex
Statement of Significance
Place Description
The Intercolonial Railway Station is a Craftsman style one-and-a-half storey brick railway station with the station and freight house joined by a covered walkway. The station is located on Broad Street adjacent to the Canadian National Railway tracks.
Heritage Value
The Intercolonial Railway Station is designated a Local Historic Place for its determinant role in the early development of the community of Sussex, and for the importance of railway transportation in the history of the community, the province and indeed of the Dominion of Canada. The station is also a lasting example of early 20th-century railway architecture.

The location of the Intercolonial Railway Station in Sussex ensured that the community of Sussex would grow and thrive during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The initial proposal for the location of the railway was closer to Sussex Vale (now Sussex Corner); however, a local landowner objected to having the line cut his lands, so the tracks were moved two miles further west of Sussex Vale. The railway became an economic driver that facilitated the growth of the community around the railway. The first train came to Sussex from Saint John in August 1859 upon the completion of the line between the two places. The line was completed from Sussex to Shediac on August 1, 1860. Businesses were moved to or built in Sussex to benefit from the advantage rail transportation provided. This station was built in 1913-1914. The railway line allowed farmers to send their milk to the bigger market in Saint John, thus expanding their markets. Students took advantage of the daily trains to attend college in Saint John. Thousands of soldiers from Camp Sussex left for their postings in Canada and overseas from this station, particularly during the two world wars. Given this connection, the building now houses the museum for the 8th Canadian Hussars, which has its headquarters in Sussex. The Intercolonial Railway Station is part of a National Historic Event as it is a station on the first railway connecting central Canada and Maritimes, in 1876. The Intercolonial Railway Station was designated a Heritage Railway Station under the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1993.

The Intercolonial Railway Station is a good example of Craftsman railway stations that were being built across Canada during the early 20th century. The multiple hipped roofs supported by over-sized brackets are distinguishing characteristics of this style. Many interior elements have been preserved, including the spatial arrangement and ticket counters.

Source: Town of Sussex, Historic Places File #14
Character-Defining Elements
The character-defining elements that describe the Craftsman architecture of the Intercolonial Railway Station include:
- rectangular one-and-a-half storey massing;
- brick construction;
- distinctive multiple hipped roofs with gables over the entrances creating an easily visible landmark for travellers;
- covered passageway joining the station and freight house providing shelter for passengers;
- central dormer with parapet over the front entrance;
- large brackets supporting very wide overhanging eaves.

The character-defining elements that describe the interior include:
- original interior spatial arrangement and details, including such railway amenities as the ticket counter.
Important Dates
  • 1913 To 1914
  • 1993
Architect / Builder Information
No Data Available
Historic Functions
  • Station or Other Rail Facility
Current Functions
  • Museum
Developing Economies
  • Communications and Transportation
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
  • Architecture and Design
Type [Number of contributing resources]:
  • Building [1]
Recognition Information
  • Local Governments (NB)
Formal Recognition Type
  • Local Historic Place (municipal)
  • Heritage Conservation Act
Recognition Date (M/D/Y)
  • 2007-11-26
Category of Property
  • Public (local)
Cartographic Identifiers
Description of Boundaries
  • PID: 30178933
  • 4459 m2
UTM Zone Type
  • 20
Datum Type
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 5066314.9000000
  • 304507.9000000
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 45.72276
  • -65.51219
Web Site Links
No Data Available
  • Provincial Registrar
Contact Type
  • Provicial Registrar
    New Brunswick Register of Historic Places
Telephone Number
  • (506) 453-2324
Email Address

Canada's Historic Places / Lieux patrimoniaux du Canada

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