Official Name of Historic Place
  • Dominion Building
Record ID 1482
Location of Supporting Documentation
  • Town of Sussex - Historic Places File #13
Location Information
Street Address
  • 524 Main Street
Postal Code
  • E4E 3E4
  • Kings County NB
  • Sussex
Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Dominion Building
Description:View from Main Street
Copyright:Graham Milner

Image Type:Contemporary Photograph
Caption:Dominion Building
Description:Rear of building
Copyright:Town of Sussex

Image Type:Historic Image
Caption:Dominion Building
Description:View before additions on either side.
Copyright:Milner Web Design
Statement of Significance
Place Description
The Dominion Building is a two-and-a-half storey Romanesque Revival institutional building constructed of brick and sandstone located at the corner of Maple Avenue and Main Street in the downtown of Sussex.
Heritage Value
The Dominion Building is designated a Local Historic Place for its Romanesque Revival style of architecture and for its continuous use as an institutional building.

The Dominion Building is a fine example of the type of substantial architecture that was once erected by the Federal Government to establish its presence in towns across Canada. Designed by renowned Saint John architect David E. Dunham, this building has several of the identifying features of the Romanesque Revival architecture, including round arches over windows and entryways, thick, cavernous entryways and window openings, thick masonry walls and a variable stone and brick façade.

The Dominion Building is also recognized for its continuous use as an institutional building. Built in 1883, the Dominion Building was used as a post office and customs building until 1984 when it was acquired by the Town of Sussex who renovated it to house the town offices. It was the centre of town life for many years as it was a convenient gathering point for citizens to meet.

Source: Town of Sussex, Historic Places file #13
Character-Defining Elements
The character-defining elements relating to the architecture of the Dominion Building include:
- rectangular two-and-a-half storey massing;
- red brick and buff sandstone construction materials;
- thick masonry walls;
- hipped roof;
- modillions under wide eaves;
- symmetrical façade surrounding a central gabled frontispiece;
- sandstone stringcourses along the headers and sills of the first and second floor windows;
- circular sandstone arches over front entrance;
- depth, symmetry and shape of window and door openings;
- brick arches over windows;
- federal coat-of-arms over main entrance;
- clock at apex of gable over front entrance;
- twin gabled dormers with sunburst designs in the pediments.
Important Dates
  • 1883
  • 1984
Architect / Builder Information
Architect / Designer
  • David E. Dunham
Historic Functions
  • Customs Building
  • Post Office
Current Functions
  • Town or City Hall
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
  • Architecture and Design
Governing Canada
  • Government and Institutions
Type [Number of contributing resources]:
  • Building [1]
Recognition Information
  • Local Governments (NB)
Formal Recognition Type
  • Local Historic Place (municipal)
  • Heritage Conservation Act
Recognition Date (M/D/Y)
  • 2007-11-26
Category of Property
  • Public (local)
Cartographic Identifiers
Description of Boundaries
  • PID: 00479758
  • 1013 m2
UTM Zone Type
  • 20
Datum Type
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 5066418.4000000
  • 304594.4000000
  • North American DATUM 1983
Coordinate Determination
  • Digital Maps
  • 45.72379
  • -65.51112
Web Site Links
Local government web site
Town of Sussex
  • Provincial Registrar
Contact Type
  • Provicial Registrar
    New Brunswick Register of Historic Places
Telephone Number
  • (506) 453-2324
Email Address

Canada's Historic Places / Lieux patrimoniaux du Canada

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